Often asked: What European Country Was The First To Settle In Illinois?

Where did the first settlers of Illinois come from?

The French were the first Europeans to reach Illinois in about 1673. When they arrived, the Indians welcomed them. It was French explorers who gave Illinois its name by referring to the land where the Illini Indians lived as the Illinois.

Where was the first permanent European settlement in Illinois?

Priests of the Quebec Seminary of Foreign Missions found the Holy Family mission at Cahokia, the first permanent settlement in the Illinois country.

Which European settlers came first to the Chicago area?

The first settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable, a free black man, who built a farm at the mouth of the Chicago River in the 1780s.

When did people settle Illinois?

It is an Algonquin word meaning Men or Warriors. Illinois was discovered in 1673, settled in 1720 and entered the Union on December 3, 1818. Illinois is surrounded by bodies of water on nearly every border: the Mississippi River on the west; the Ohio and Wabash Rivers in the south, and Lake Michigan in the North.

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Who first settled Illinois?

The first Europeans to visit Illinois were the French explorers Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette in 1673, but the region was ceded to Britain after the French and Indian War. After the American Revolution, Illinois became a territory of the United States, and achieved statehood in 1818.

Who is the most famous person in Illinois?

More Famous People of Illinois

  • Franklin Pierce Adams author, Chicago.
  • Gillian Anderson actress, Chicago.
  • Mary Astor actress, Quincy.
  • Arnold O. Beckman inventor, Cullom.
  • Jack Benny comedian, Chicago.
  • Harry A. Blackmun jurist, Nashville.
  • William E.
  • William Jennings Bryan orator, politician, Salem.

What do locals call Chicago?

Chi-town is a nickname for the city of Chicago, Illinois.

What does Chicago mean in Indian?

The most-accepted Chicago meaning is a word that comes from the Algonquin language: “shikaakwa,” meaning “striped skunk” or “onion.” According to early explorers, the lakes and streams around Chicago were full of wild onions, leeks, and ramps.

What did Chicago look like before it was settled?

Before Europeans settled here, the sluggish Chicago River was lined with cattails and miles of indistinguishable marsh. Native Americans trolled for wild rice in several areas, including the area near the river’s outlet into the Lake.

Was there slaves in Illinois?

Slavery in Illinois existed for more than a century. Illinois did not become a state until 1818, but earlier regional systems of government had already established slavery. The Northwest Ordinance (1787) banned slavery in Illinois and the rest of the Northwest Territory.

What is the nickname for Illinois?

Northern cardinal

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